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火狐体育|英语十大词类精讲(数词/形容词/副词/介词)(二)


本文摘要:第六课时 数 词一、基数词基数词表现数量:one/two/three/four/five/six/seven/eight/nine/ten/eleven/twelve/thirteen/fourteen/fifteen/sixteenseventeen/eighteen/nineteen/twenty/thirty/fortyfifty/sixty/seventy/eighty/ninety/twenty-onethirty-eight/fifty-three/a hundred/a thousanda million/a billion注意:表现详细数目的hundren, thousand, million等均不用复数,百位数和十位数之间通常加连词and;十位数与个位数之间要加连字符。

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第六课时 数 词一、基数词基数词表现数量:one/two/three/four/five/six/seven/eight/nine/ten/eleven/twelve/thirteen/fourteen/fifteen/sixteenseventeen/eighteen/nineteen/twenty/thirty/fortyfifty/sixty/seventy/eighty/ninety/twenty-onethirty-eight/fifty-three/a hundred/a thousanda million/a billion注意:表现详细数目的hundren, thousand, million等均不用复数,百位数和十位数之间通常加连词and;十位数与个位数之间要加连字符。二、序数词first/second/third/fourth/fifth/sixth/seventheighth/ninth/tenth/eleventh/twelfth/thirteenthfourteenth/fifteenth/sixteenth/seventeentheighteenth/nineteenth/twentieth/thirtiethfortieth/fiftieth/sixtieth/seventieth/eightiethninetieth/hundredth/twenty-first/ninety-nintya hundred and fifty-third序数词的缩写形式:由阿拉伯数字后加上序数词的最后两个字母。

first---1st second --- 2nd tenth --- 10th三、时间和年月日表现法1、时间均用基数词表现:1)顺读法,先说“点钟”,再说“分钟”,如:2:15 two fifteen6:20 six twenty2)逆读法30分钟以内:“分钟数+ past +钟点数”,如:3:20 --- twenty past three2:10 --- ten past two半小时用 half,15分钟用 a quarter :2:15 --- a quarter past two3:30 --- half past three30分钟以外要用:“分钟数+ to + 下一个钟点”,如:4:35 --- twenty-five to five2:55 --- five to three2)年月日表现法年份读法;月日读法;年月日一起读法。四、分数的表现法当分数中表现分子的数只含个位数时一般接纳“分子(用基数词)+分母(用序数词)”表现。(分子大于1时,分母序数词用复数)如:one-third; two-thirds;three twenty-seconds五、数词与名词的搭配1)数词与名词连用时,它们的序次是“名词+基数词”Lesson 15; Room 1506 或者用“the + 序数词 + 名词”The Fifteenth Lesson the third floor2)数词与小时的搭配two hours and a half three hourshalf an hour第七课时 形容词一、概述形容词修饰名词,说明人或事物或特征。在句中可作定语、表语、宾语补足语。

The beautiful girl is Tom’s sister.(充当定语)Three is nothing serious, is there?(充当定语,修饰不定代词的形容词及短语要放在不定代词之后)The shoes in the shop were not very expensive.(作表语)The old are looked after well.(有些形容词和定冠词the连用时,表现一类人或物,其谓语动词用复数形式)二、形容词比力级及最高级的形式1、绝大部门双音节形容词和单音节形容词的比力品级变化是规则变化。情 况/变 化 形 式/举 例①一般情况在词尾直接加-er ; -est:small - smaller - smallest②以e末端的词在词尾加 –r ; - st :large - larger - largest③以辅音字母+y末端变y为i,加- er; -est:happy- happier- happiest④以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母末端,而且是重读闭音节,将该辅音字母双写,再加-er ; -est:fat – fatter – fattestthin – thinner – thinnestbig – bigger – biggesthot – hotter - hottest2、部门双音节和多音节形容词比力级和最高级变化形式在多音节形容词前加more或mostbeautiful – more beautiful – most beautifuluseful – more useful – most useful3、不规则形容词比力级和最高级形式:good, well – better – bestbad, ill – worse – worstmany, much – more – mostlittle – less – leastfar – farther, further – farthest, furthest三、形容词的比力品级的用法1、当A=B时,则用as(副)…as(介,连)…,中间用形容词或副词的原级。表现甲与乙在某方面一样He is as tall as I (me)2、A≠B,则用not as(so)…as… 表现甲与乙在某方面纷歧样。

He is not so tall as I= He is shorter than I=I’m taller than heThe boy isn’t as careful as that one= This boy isn’t as careful than that one3、比力级+than 形式This lesson is more difficult than that oneShe is fatter than Kate4、the+最高级+(in of)短语Miss Zhou is one of the most popular in our classHe is the oldest of the threeof 常与名词复数或表现数量的词连用。表现“在…之中”这一。in常与表现规模或场所的名词连用“在…规模之中”四、形容词比力级特殊用法1)more and more比力级连用表现“越来越……”In spring the weather gets warmer and warmer.He is getting busier and busier.2)The more … the more 越…就越…The larger the bus is , the more people it can carry.The farther away an object is from us, the smaller it looks.3)比力级形式表达最高级:比力级+than any other+名词单数;比力级+than the other+名词复数He is clever than any other boy---- He is the clevest of all the boys---- He is clever than the other boys4、修饰比力级的副词有much, even , quite , a little, a lot等表现“得多”“甚至”,表现水平。

第八课时 副 词一、概述副词是用来修饰动词、形容词或其他副词的词,表现行动的特征、状态的特征或某种性质的水平。二、副词的分类时间副词、所在副词、方式副词、疑问副词及水平副词。1、时间副词:时间副词表达的内在包罗回覆“什么时候”或“经常与否”A: how, then, yesterday, last time, today, just now, later on, so far, ago;B: always, often, usually, sometimes, never, hardly, ever;C: already, yet, late, early, soon, at once, at last, finally, at first, since;2、所在副词:表现所在或位置关系的副词。A: here, there, home, anywhere, everywhere;B: above, below, down, up, out, in, across, back, over, round, away, near;注:B类中表现位置的副词有时也可作介词。

如:come in, please----- They live in the next room.3、方式副词:badly, carefully ,politely, sadly, suddenly, happily. well, fast, high, hard.4、 水平副词:常见的有: much, a little, a bit, very, even, so, too, enough, quite, rather, completely, terribly, nearly, hardly, not at all。这些副词多用来修饰形容词、副词或动词以增强语气。5、 疑问副词:是用来引导一个特殊问句,有时用来引导时间状语从句或宾语从句。疑问副词有:how, when, where, why, who6、部门副词的用法:1)too, either, also都是表现“也”。

too和either都用于句末,too用于肯定句中,either用于否认句及一般疑问句中,also放在句子中,BE动词前,实义动词后。2)so, neither都可以用在倒装句的开头。

so接在肯定句后表现“也一样”,句式:so+助动词+主语;neither接在一个否认句后面表现“也不,没…….”句式:neither+助动词+主语I have read the book, so has he.Jim didn’t win the game, neither did Tom.3)already, yetalready 和yet通常用于现在完成时中,already用于肯定句,yet用于否认句和疑问句中。He has already finished his homework.Jim hasn’t come back yet.7、副词的比力品级副词和形容词一样,也有比力级和最高级,其变化形式与形容词的比力比力级和最高级一样。第九课时 介 词一、知识概述介词是一种虚词,一般在句子中不重读,也不能单独充当句子身分,但与它的介词宾语一起组成介词短语,就可以在句子中作状语、定语和表语。介词又称前置词,一般位于名词或代词的前面,表现该词与句子其他身分的关系。

在学习介词时,最重要的是掌握介词的用法,动介词组的搭配,时间介词、方位介词、偏向介词、位置介词、成语介词以及动向介词和静向介词的比力和区别。二、介词的界说及句法功效介词是一种虚词,在句中不但独作任何句子身分,只表现其后的名词或相当于名词的词语与其他句子身分的关系。介词后的名词,或相当于名词的其他词组、短语或从句,称为介词宾语。介词和介词宾语一起组成介词短语。

介词短语在句中主要用作定语、状语、表语和宾语补足语。The boy over there is my brother.(作定语)A friend in need is a friend indeed.(作定语)I shall meet you at the entrance of Qianmen Hotel.(作所在状语)To their surprise, they saw not locusts, but seagulls.(作原因状语)I’ll be in the office every afternoon.(作表语)He isn’t at home(作表语)The farmer made the king out of the water.(作宾语补足语)I found everything in good order(作宾语补足语)三、介词与其他词类的牢固搭配。介词和动词、形容词、名词等常组成牢固搭配。也就是说,在这些词的后面,经常要求用一定的介词。

1、形容词与介词的牢固搭配有些形容词后面要求用牢固的介词,这类介词常见的有:about, at, for, from, in, of, to, with(1) 形容词+aboutcareful abouthopeful aboutsure aboutHe is careless about his clothes(2)形容词 +atgood atsurprised atangry at(3)形容词 + forfamous forready forsorry forI’m terrible sorry for telling him the truth.(4)形容词 + fromdifferent fromsafe fromHe was absent from class this morningMy sister is different from me in many ways.(5)形容词 + ininterested insuccessful inHe is interested in making model ships.2、名词与介词的牢固搭配(1) 名词 + forHe made up an excuse for being late.Did you find the cause for your failure?(2) 名词 + inHe has some difficulty in translating the bookShe has made great progress in English.(3) 名词 + ofShe found another way of solving the problemHe forms a bad habit of getting up late(4) 名词 + onThere have been several attacks on foreigners recently.Have pity on me!(5) 名词 + withI wanted to have a talk with youHe is always getting into trouble with the police。


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